What Crops Are Grown in Kansas?

Kansas is a leading producer of wheat, soybeans, corn, and sorghum. The state also grows significant amounts of hay, sunflowers, and other crops.

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Kansas is one of the leading wheat-producing states in the United States. In 2019, Kansas produced more than 400 million bushels of wheat on 8.7 million acres of land. That is an average of 46 bushels per acre. Wheat is a grass that is grown in all Kansas counties. The state’s climate and soil types are well-suited for wheat production. Kansas typically has mild winters and cool, moist summers, which are ideal conditions for wheat growth.

Hard red winter wheat

Hard red winter wheat is the most common type of wheat grown in Kansas. It is a versatile grain that can be used for a variety of products, including bread, pasta, cereal, and pastry. This wheat is also used in the brewing process to create beer and whiskey.

Soft red winter wheat

Soft red winter wheat is a type of wheat that is planted in the fall and grows through the winter. It is the most common type of wheat planted in Kansas. Kansas produces more soft red winter wheat than any other state in the United States.

Hard red spring wheat

Hard red spring wheat is a type of wheat that is typically planted in the early spring. It is a hardy crop that can withstand colder temperatures and is known for its red color. This type of wheat is grown in many states, but it is particularly common in Kansas.


Corn is the most common crop grown in Kansas. More than 10 million acres of Kansas land is used to grow corn each year. Corn is a food crop, meaning it is grown to be eaten by humans or animals. The majority of the corn grown in Kansas is used to feed livestock, such as cattle and pigs. Some of the corn grown in Kansas is used to make ethanol, a type of gasoline.Kansas is one of the top 10 corn-producing states in the United States.

Other crops that are commonly grown in Kansas include wheat, soybeans, and sorghum.


Soybeans are a type of legume that is native to East Asia. They are a key ingredient in many Asian cuisines, and are also used to make products such as soy milk, tofu, and soy sauce. Soybeans are a major export crop for many countries, and the United States is one of the leading producers of soybeans in the world.

In the United States, soybeans are mostly grown in the Midwest region, with the majority of production taking place in Illinois, Iowa, and Nebraska. Kansas is also a major producer of soybeans, with farmers growing both conventional and organic varieties. Soybeans are typically planted in May or June, and harvesting takes place in September or October.

Soybeans are a versatile crop that can be used for food, animal feed, or industrial purposes. The majority of soybeans grown in Kansas are used for animal feed, with some also being exported to other countries for use in livestock feedlots. A small portion of the Kansas soybean crop is also processed into products such as tofu or soy milk for human consumption


Sorghum is Kansas’ second most important crop and is grown throughout the state. In the past, it was primarily used as livestock feed, but today it is also used to make ethanol and other biofuels. Sorghum is a hardy crop that can be grown in dry conditions, making it an important crop for farmers in Kansas who are often dealing with drought conditions.

Other Crops

Before we get into the list of crops, it’s important to note that Kansas is an agricultural state. In 2018, the agricultural industry contributed $99.6 billion to the state’s economy. The main crops grown in Kansas are wheat, corn, and soybeans. However, there are many other crops that are grown in the state as well.


Other Crops
In addition to wheat, Kansas farmers grow a variety of other crops. Alfalfa is the state’s second most valuable crop, and it is used for hay—food for livestock. Soybeans are a valuable source of oil and protein. Corn is grown for both silage (an animal feed) and grain.

Alfalfa is a perennial plant that can be harvested several times each year. It grows best on well-drained soils with a pH above 6.0. Alfalfa requires more fertilizer and lime than other crops and is sensitive to drought. It is frequently grown with grasses such as tall fescue or orchardgrass to improve its quality and yield.

Soybeans are an annual crop that can be grown on a variety of soils but prefer deep, well-drained soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. They are tolerant of drought and do not require as much fertilizer as other crops. However, they are sensitive to flooding and need to be planted early so they can mature before the first frost in the fall.

Corn is an annual crop that prefers deep, well-drained soils with a pH between 6.0 and 7.0. It is tolerant of drought but sensitive to flooding, so it needs to be planted early so it can mature before the first frost in the fall. Corn requires more nitrogen than other crops, so farmers often rotate it with soybeans or alfalfa to improve the soil’s fertility


Oats are a type of cereal grain that is grown in cool climates. In the United States, oats are most commonly grown in the Midwest, where the climate is perfect for producing this crop. Kansas is one of the top oat-producing states in the country.

Oats are a versatile grain that can be used in a variety of ways. They can be eaten whole, rolled into flakes, or ground into flour. Oats are often used in breakfast cereals, granola bars, and baking recipes.

In addition to being a food source, oats are also used as animal feed and as a cover crop to improve soil health. Oats can be planted in the spring or fall and will typically mature within 60 days.


Barley is a cereal grain that is widely cultivated in Kansas. It is used for animal feed, as well as for making beer and whiskey. There are two main types of barley grown in Kansas: six-row barley and two-row barley. Six-row barley is higher in protein and is used mostly for animal feed. Two-row barley is lower in protein but higher in carbohydrates and is used mostly for brewing beer and distilling whiskey.


Canola, a variety of rapeseed, is one of the newer oilseeds to be developed and is one of the most important crops in Kansas. Canola was originally developed in Canada in the 1970s. The word “canola” is a blend of “Canada” and “ola,” meaning oil. Canola is used for both food and industrial purposes. Canola oil is second only to soybean oil as the most consumed edible oil in the United States.

In Kansas, canola is planted in the spring and harvested in the fall. Canola plants grow to be 2-4 feet tall and have small yellow flowers. The majority of canola grown in Kansas is used for animal feed or crushed for oil.

Dry beans

Dry beans, a cool season crop, are an important food and export commodity in Kansas. The three main categories of dry beans grown in the state are great northern, navy, and pinto. Great northern dry beans have a white pea-like seed and are used in soups and casseroles. Navy dry beans have a small white seed and are often used in baked bean recipes. Pinto dry beans have a light brownish seed with streaks of pink or red and are commonly used in Mexican dishes. Small red, black, kidney, lima, garbanzo, and soybeans are also produced in Kansas; however, they make up only a small percentage of the total production.

Dry beans are usually planted as a field crop following wheat harvest in late June or early July. Dry beans are very sensitive to frost; therefore, it is important to wait until all danger of frost has passed before planting. Once the plants start to flower, they can tolerate some frost; but if the plants are frozen while still in the vegetative stage prior to flowering, yield may be reduced significantly.


Sunflowers are an annual plant in the Asteraceae, or daisy, family that is native to North America. The plant has a single stem that can grow up to 15 feet tall with a large flower head that can be up to 12 inches in diameter. The flower head is actually made up of many small flowers called florets. Sunflowers are usually yellow with a brownish center. The plant blooms from mid-summer to fall and the seeds are popular among birds and small mammals.

Sunflowers are very easy to grow and are often planted as a decorative border along fields or gardens. They are also grown commercially for their oil which is used in cooking, as well as for bird seed and as a biofuel. In some Native American cultures, sunflowers are considered a sacred plant.

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