What is the Kansas State Mammal?

The Kansas State Mammal is the American bison. The bison is a large, even-toed ungulate of the family Bovidae.

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The Kansas State Mammal is the American Bison

The American bison (Bison bison), also commonly known as the buffalo, is the state mammal of Kansas. The largest land animal in North America, the bison once roamed the Great Plains in enormous herds. Today, a few thousand bison remain in the wild, mostly in national parks and reserves.

The scientific name for the American bison is Bison bison. There are two subspecies of American bison: the Plains bison (B.b. bison), which inhabited the Great Plains and much of North America at the time of European contact, and the wood bison (B.b. athabascae), which inhabited parts of Alaska and northwestern Canada. The wood bison is larger than the Plains bison, with longer hair and a taller hump.

The American bison has been an important part of Kansas history and culture for centuries. Native Americans hunted bison for their meat and used their hides to make clothing, shelter, and other items. In the 1800s, Euro-American settlers plied the Santa Fe Trail with wagons laden with goods bound for trade in Mexico City; many of these settlers made their living by hunting buffalo. By 1870, nearly every buffalo on the Great Plains had been killed; only a few hundred animals survived in remote areas of Montana, Wyoming, and Colorado.

Fortunately, some people recognized the value of this unique creature and worked to prevent its extinction. In 1905, President Theodore Roosevelt established Oklahoma’s Wichita Mountains National Wildlife Refuge specifically to protect a small herd of buffalo; today, more than 600 buffalo roam freely in this refuge. In 1907, President Roosevelt also signed an executive order establishing what is now Badlands National Park in South Dakota; a few years later, 14 buffalo were brought to the park to help replenish this species’ dwindling numbers.

In Kansas, efforts to preserve this magnificent animal began in 1925 when a small number of buffalo were brought to Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge near Medicine Lodge; these animals formed the nucleus of what is now a herd of about 500 that roam freely on 61,000 acres (247 square kilometers) of parkland.

The American Bison is a large mammal that once roamed North America in huge herds

The American Bison is the largest land mammal in North America. Adult males (bulls) can weigh up to 2,000 pounds and stand six feet tall at the shoulder. Female bison (cows) are smaller, weighing up to 1,000 pounds and standing five feet tall at the shoulder. calves are born small, weighing only about 30 pounds.

Bison are interesting animals. They are very social animals and live in herds. The size of a herd can range from just a few animals to several thousand.

Bison are also known as buffalo, although they are not closely related to true buffalo found in other parts of the world such as Asia and Africa. The word “buffalo” is actually an American Indian word that means “good to eat.”

In the early 1800s, there were an estimated 60 million bison roaming North America. However, by 1889, due to over-hunting by Europeans settlers, that number had been reduced to just over one thousand animals.

Fortunately, through conservation efforts, the bison population has increased and today there are an estimated 500,000 bison in North America.

The American Bison is an important part of American history and culture

The American Bison is an important part of American history and culture. Once numbering in the millions and roaming freely across North America, these massive animals were almost hunted to extinction in the 1800s. Today, bison are making a comeback, thanks to conservation efforts and changes in the way they are managed. Here are 10 things you might not know about these iconic animals.

1. Bison are the largest land mammal in North America.
2. An adult male bison, also called a bull, can weigh up to 2,000 pounds and stand 6 feet tall at the shoulder.
3. Females, or cows, are smaller, weighing up to 1,000 pounds and standing 5 feet tall at the shoulder.
4. Bison can run up to 35 miles per hour.
5. They can jump 6 feet high and swim easily across rivers that are up to 8 feet deep.
6. Bison have very good eyesight and hearing but they have a poor sense of smell.
7. They live in herds of 10 to 30 animals but herds of hundreds or even thousands sometimes form during winter grazing on public lands managed by the Bureau of Land Management or the U.S Forest Service.
8. Bison are herbivores and eat grasses, sedges, forbs (flowering plants), leaves and bark from trees and shrubs—basically anything they can reach with their tongues, which can extend 18 inches from their mouths!
9 calves stay with their mothers for around a year before leaving the herd to start their own harem (a group of females accompanied by a single male).
10 The average lifespan for a bison is 15-20 years but some have been known to live for up to 40 years in captivity

The American Bison is an important part of the ecosystem

The American bison is the largest land mammal in North America. These huge animals once roamed the Great Plains in huge herds. They were an important part of the ecosystem and the culture of many Native American tribes.

The American bison is a national symbol of strength and resilience. It was chosen as the Kansas state mammal in 1955.

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