What Was a Result of the Kansas City Gun Experiment?

The Kansas City gun experiment was a study conducted by the Kansas City Police Department in an effort to reduce violent crime.

Checkout this video:


In the early 1990s, the city of Kansas City, Missouri, conducted an experiment to see if more police officers and stricter gun control laws would reduce gun violence in the city. The experiment was called the Kansas City Gun Experiment, and it lasted for three years.

During the experiment, the number of police officers in Kansas City was increased, and strict gun control laws were put in place. These laws made it illegal to carry a gun in public, to buy a gun without a background check, and to buy a gun from anyone other than a licensed dealer.

The experiment was considered a success. During the three years that it was in place, gun violence in Kansas City decreased by 25%.

What Was the Kansas City Gun Experiment?

In the early 1990s, the city of Kansas City, Missouri, implemented a series of initiatives aimed at reducing gun violence. These initiatives included a ban on gun sales within city limits, increased patrols in high-crime areas, and the establishment of a “gun court” to more quickly and harshly punish gun offenders.

The results of these initiatives were dramatic. In the first year after the implementation of the gun ban, gun homicides in Kansas City fell by 40%. This represented a reduction of approximately 100 homicides compared to the number that would have been expected without the intervention.

The reductions in gun violence were not just limited to homicide; non-fatal shootings also decreased significantly. In fact, overall firearm violence fell by almost 50% during the first year of the experiment.

Unfortunately, once the policies were lifted, gun violence returned to its previous levels. This highlights the importance of sustaining these types of interventions over the long term in order to achieve lasting reductions in gun violence.

What Were the Results of the Experiment?

The two-year experiment, which ended in 2016, found that people who were subject to more intensive police patrols and other interventions were no less likely to be involved in Shooting crime than those who were not. In other words, the experiment failed to show that the intervention made any difference.

How Do We Know the Experiment Worked?

The evaluation of the Kansas City Gun Experiment was based on comparisons of crime rates in the experimental and control areas before and after the implementation of the intervention. The results showed that, in the experimental area, there was a significant reduction in gun violence after the intervention was put into place. In particular, there was a decrease in gun homicides, gun assaults, and gun robberies.

What Does This Mean for the Future of Gun Control?

The results of the Kansas City gun experiment are still being analyzed, and it will likely be some time before we know definitively what effect the interventions had on gun violence in the city. In the meantime, however, the experiment provides a valuable case study for understanding how different approaches to gun control can impact a community.

The most successful intervention in the Kansas City gun experiment was focused on deterring illegal gun possession among young people. This intervention included targeted law enforcement efforts and increased penalties for carrying an illegal gun. The intervention also included community outreach programs designed to engage young people in positive activities and connect them with resources like jobs and education.

The data from the Kansas City gun experiment suggest that interventions like these can be effective in reducing gun violence. However, it is important to note that these interventions must be tailored to the specific needs of each community. What works in one city may not work in another, and it is important to consult with local leaders and residents before implementing any new initiatives.

Scroll to Top