Why Did Violence Occur in Kansas After the Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska

Why Did Violence Occur in Kansas After the Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act?

Checkout this video:

The lead up to violence in Kansas

The Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed in 1854 and allowed for the organization of the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The act also allowed for popular sovereignty, which meant that the people living in those territories would get to decide if they wanted slavery or not. This led to a lot of tension because pro-slavery and anti-slavery groups both moved to Kansas to try and sway the vote. This led to violence and eventually, the Civil War.

The Kansas-Nebraska Act is passed

The Kansas-Nebraska Act is passed by Congress, allowing for the creation of the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and opening new lands for settlement. The act also repeals the Missouri Compromise, which had prohibited slavery in these same territories. The decision to allow slaves in Kansas and Nebraska ignites a firestorm of protests from Northerners, who see it as a betrayal of the principles of theCompromise. The stage is set for further conflict as both pro- and antislavery settlers rush into Kansas to influence its fate.

The Missouri Compromise is repealed

In 1854, the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, repealing the Missouri Compromise and allowing white settlers in Kansas to decide whether or not to allow slavery in their state. This act led to violence in Kansas, as proslavery and antislavery settlers fought for control of the state government. The violence eventually spread to other parts of the country, setting off the Civil War.

The violence in Kansas

The violence in Kansas was a result of the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which was passed by the US Congress in 1854. The Act allowed for the territories of Kansas and Nebraska to be opened up for settlement, and it also allowed for slavery to be decided by popular vote. This led to a lot of tension between pro-slavery and anti-slavery settlers in the Kansas territory, and violence eventually broke out.

The election of 1855

The election of 1855 was extremely contentious, with pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters vying for control of the Territory. The pro-slavery legislature passed a series of laws that were designed to force the issue of slavery, including a requirement that all residents take an oath swearing loyalty to slavery. This provoked a violent reaction from anti-slavery residents, who formed their own government and set up headquarters in Topeka. The two governments vied for control of the Territory for several months, until President Buchanan sent in federal troops to restore order.

The Wakarusa War

The Wakarusa War was a violent conflict in 1855 between proslavery settlers and antislaveryFree-Staters in Kansas Territory. The war emerged from the long-simmering dispute over the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory, which came to a head with the passage of theKansas-Nebraska Act in 1854. The Act created Kansas Territory and opened it to white settlement, while repealing the Missouri Compromise, which had forbidden slavery north of the 36°30′ parallel. This angered many Northerners, who argued that it violated the spirit of the Compromise, while Southerners celebrated it as a victory for their principles.

As soon as the Act was passed, both sides began swarming into Kansas with the intent of voting it up or down on whether or not to allow slavery within its borders. Proslavery settlers, mostly from Missouri, settled in the southeastern part of Kansas Territory, where they established several Shawnee Indian reservations. Antislavery Free-Staters settled throughout the rest of the territory, with Topeka as their unofficial capital.

The two sides quickly descended into violence. In May 1855, proslavery settlers attacked and burned Lawrence, a Free-State stronghold. In response, an armed band of Free-Staters led by abolitionist John Brown began raiding cattle herds and killing Proslavery settlers in what became known as “Bleeding Kansas.”

The violence culminated in what is known as the Wakarusa War. In November 1855, Sheriff Samuel Lecompte arrested free state activist Sherman Barton on charges of high treason. A group of Free-Staters led by James Lane besieged Sheriff Lecompte’s jailhouse in response and demanded Barton’s release. When Governor Wilson Shannon refused to negotiate with them, they attacking Sherrif Lecompte’s house nearby.

Lane and his men were eventually outnumbered and driven off by proslavery forces led by Colonel Edwin Sumner. However, sumner’s troops were not content with simply driving off their enemies; they proceeded to sack and burn Lawrence in retribution for past raids conducted by John Brown and his followers. Over 150 houses and businesses were destroyed before federal troops arrived to restore order.

While technically a victory for the Proslavery faction (since Lawrence was destroyed), it was also a Pyrrhic victory; Sumner’s troops had acted so brutally that even many Southerners were horrified. The controversy surrounding “Bleeding Kansas” was one of the major factors that helped fuel sectional tensions leading up to the American Civil War

The Battle of Black Jack

The Battle of Black Jack took place on June 2, 1856 in Douglas County, Kansas. The battle was fought between pro-slavery supporters and anti-slavery supporters. The pro-slavery supporters were led by John Brown and the anti-slavery supporters were led by Henry Ford. The battle resulted in the death of five people, including two of Brown’s sons.

The Siege of Lawrence

In May 1856, a proslavery posse led by Sheriff Samuel Jones destroyed the Free State Hotel in Lawrence, Kansas. The town had been founded by antislavery settlers in 1854 and was a stronghold of the abolitionist movement. Jones’s attack on Lawrence was in retaliation for the earlier killings of two pro-slavery settlers by antislavery forces.

For several months after the destruction of the hotel, violence continued to plague Kansas. On August 20, 1856, a group of proslavery raiders entered Lawrence and terrorized the townspeople. The raiders looted homes and businesses and destroyed Press Gang, an antislavery newspaper office. They also killed several men, including one African American man who was dragged from his home and hung from a tree.

The violence in Kansas eventually subsided, but it flared up again in May 1858 when pro- and antislavery forces clashed at the Battle of Hickory Point. The battle ended in a victory for the antislavery forces, but it was followed by a series of attacks on antislavery settlements by proslavery raiders. The violence finally came to an end after the outbreak of the Civil War in 1861.

The aftermath of violence in Kansas

After the Kansas-Nebraska Act was passed, violence broke out in Kansas. This was because the act allowed for slavery in Kansas, which led to many pro-slavery and anti-slavery supporters coming to the state to fight for their respective cause. This violence led to the death of many people and eventually led to Kansas becoming a state.

The Lecompton Constitution

The Lecompton Constitution was a document created in 1857 to establish the state of Kansas. It was strongly proslavery, and would have allowed slavery in Kansas even if it were prohibited by the federal government. The constitution was rejected by Kansas voters, but it caused a split in the Democratic Party and helped fuel the conflict that would eventually lead to the Civil War.

The Dred Scott decision

The violence in Kansas was a direct result of the Dred Scott decision. In this decision, the Supreme Court ruled that African Americans could not be citizens of the United States. This ruling angered many people in the Northern states, who believed that all men should be treated equally. The violence in Kansas was a direct result of this ruling.

The Civil War

The Civil War was a time of great turmoil and violence in the United States. One of the bloodiest conflicts took place in Kansas, where pro-slavery and anti-slavery factions fought for control of the state. The violence continued even after the war ended, as both sides struggled to rebuild their lives and communities.

Scroll to Top